Installing New Cabinets in your kitchen can seem like a daunting task. As long as you are prepared, the outcome should be a great success. This guide will walk you through installation, giving your kitchen a brand new, modern design. You’ve already made it through one of the hardest steps, choosing the look of your new cabinets. If you want to save money, you can also refinish your old cabinets to give them an updated look.
Tools and Materials
* Multiple levels that are different lengths* Countertop* Shims * Stud finder* Plumb line* C-Clamps to hold cabinets during installation * Hinges* Two 2x4s or a quick cabinet jack* Drawer handles and pulls* Any flooring or paint that is needed* Any sinks or faucets needing replaced* Caulk * Screws* Measuring tape* Jigsaw and circular saw* Screw gun and drill
Step 1 – Preparing Your Space
You need to prepare the area where the cabinets are going to be installed. You can use your pre-existing cabinets as a pattern, so you know exactly how and where to hang the new cabinets. Make sure to check the layout of the new cabinets to ensure that they are being hung at the proper height. Also make sure you have enough room to work under them when hanging them above an oven. Make sure all the cabinets are going to be aligned properly.
Step 2 – Remove All Old Cabinets
Be sure to remove all your old cabinets. Do this carefully so that the walls aren’t damaged during removal. Make sure to support the cabinets steadily when removing them.
Step 3 – Paint and Add New Flooring If Desired
If you want to paint your walls or add new flooring, now is the time to do so. Plan in advance for the styling of the cabinets and also make sure the thickness of the new floor will not cause an issue during installation of your cabinets.
Step 4 – Assemble Cabinets
Put together the new cabinets, but leave off the doors. Doors are heavy and should be added once the new cabinets are hung. Your cabinets should come with instructions so that you can put them together properly and evenly.
Step 5 – Install Upper Cabinets
It’s best to install your upper cabinets first. To find the locations of the studs in the wall, use the stud finder. Make sure to mark where the studs are located. Studs are typically 1-½ feet to 2 feet apart. Use your level to plumb a line from the ceiling so that you can measure and mark where the cabinet brace will be.
Screw two sections of 2×4 together, making a “T” shape. Have someone rest the bottom of the wooden support on the floor and the top of the support resting on the bottom of the cabinets. This will help hold them in place so that you can level them and screw the cabinets in. To make it easier, use a quick cabinet jack if you have one. C-clamps can be used to hold cabinets in place.
Step 6 – Pilot Holes
Find the distance from the stud behind the cabinet to the edge of the cabinet. Make marks on the back of the cabinet to identify the stud’s placement. From the back, drill pilot holes where you put the marks. Secure cabinets not only to the wall, but to each other as well. Drill pilot holes in the frame of the cabinet. Screw them together with wood screws.
Step 7 – Mark the Studs for the Lower Cabinets
Mark the studs for the lower cabinets, just as you did for the upper ones.
Step 8 – Using Shims
Take a look at the height of the cabinets, once you have them in place. If some seem taller than others, use the shims (small pieces of wood) to put under the shorter cabinets to make them the correct height. You can also use shims behind the cabinets. You want to make sure all of the cabinets are level before adding your countertop.
Step 9 – Installing the Lower Cabinets
Before installing, make sure you have any cut-outs made for electrical outlets and plumbing. You can now completely install the lower cabinets by screwing them into place. You can screw right through the shims when doing this.
Step 10 – Install the Countertop
How you install your countertop will completely depend on the type of countertop you are installing. It’s best to cut the countertop upside down to avoid any damage and chipping. It’s best to cut the countertop about ¼-inch shorter so that you can make it fit easily and then caulk the remaining ends.
For the sink opening, invert the location it will go while making a mark of the outside rim. Then mark 5/16 of an inch inside that mark, for your actual cutting line. You can use a jigsaw to cut your sink opening. Make sure to use masking tape on the outside of the line before cutting. All cut surfaces need to be sealed to prevent moisture from setting in.
Screw your countertop on from underneath the cabinets. Make sure the screws aren’t too long or they may damage the countertop. Now, check your sink inside the cutout to make sure the fit is right. If it is, you can secure it underneath with brackets and put caulking around the rim.
Step 11 – Finishing Touches
For the finishing touches, make sure to caulk any edge of the backsplash and countertop. You can then attach the doors, hinges, drawer pulls and any remaining hardware. You should now have a brand new set of cabinets that you will cherish for a long time.